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  • State program 2021
2675 | 21 Aug, 2021

Iskandar Uroqboev,

Chief Specialist

Development Strategy Centre

Not only Central Asian states but also international organizations are concerned about the recent escalation of tensions in Afghanistan, the shooting of civilians and the fact that innocent children are victims of war. We must also acknowledge that Uzbekistan is working in partnership with international organizations to achieve peace in Afghanistan.

In this direction, Uzbekistan is pursuing a more active foreign policy than ever before. In particular, within the framework of the implementation of the fifth section of the Action Strategy for 2017-2021 - priority areas in the field of ensuring security, interethnic harmony and religious tolerance, as well as implementation of a balanced, mutually beneficial and constructive foreign policy - President Shavkat Mirziyoyev pursues the policy of creating an atmosphere of peace, stability and security among the states of Central Asia as the main priority in foreign policy.

In particular, the proposals and recommendations for stabilizing the situation in Afghanistan and restoring its socio-economic infrastructure voiced in the speeches of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly in September 2017, at international conference held on November 11, 2017 in the city of Samarkand, at international conference on Afghanistan on the topic "Peace process, security cooperation and regional interaction" held in Tashkent on March 2018, during the first and second consultative meetings of the heads of state of Central Asia held on March 15, 2018 in Astana and on November 29, 2019 in Tashkent, are being supported at international level.

It is noteworthy that such an active regional strategic foreign policy has been consistently pursued despite the limitations of today’s pandemic period. In particular, on the initiative of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev in Tashkent on 15-16 July this year was held "Central and South Asia: regional interdependence. At the conference on "Threats and Opportunities", not only Central Asia, but also South Asian countries were united on the issue of Afghanistan and recognized the importance of restoring cooperation between the two regions, the role of Afghanistan in this issue.

It is noteworthy that such an active regional strategic foreign policy is consistently continuing, despite the limitations of the current period of the pandemic. In particular, at the conference “Central and South Asia: Regional Interconnectedness. Challenges and Opportunities” held on July 15-16, 2021 in Tashkent on the initiative of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the countries of not only Central Asia, but also South Asia, showing solidarity in the Afghan issue, highlighted the importance of restoring cooperation between the two regions, the role of Afghanistan in this issue.

Shortly thereafter, an Avaza Consultation Meeting was organized as a continuation of the successes achieved at this conference. At this consultative meeting, as one of the topical issues on the agenda, was discussed the importance of achieving a unanimous approach to the issue of Afghanistan, formation of a new political climate in the region and socio-political stability in this state.

In particular, the consultative meeting chaired by the President of Turkmenistan has been attended by the current Presidents of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kasim-Zhomart Togaev, the President of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan Sadir Japarov and the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, as well as the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Central Asia, Head of the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia Ms. Natalya German

During the consultative meeting, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted that the security and sustainable development of the entire region is directly related to the political settlement of the situation in neighbouring Afghanistan, and a complete ceasefire and violence is needed, and an agreement acceptable to all parties must be reached on the basis of negotiations.

The heads of state of Central Asia also noted the need to strengthen peace, good neighbourliness and mutually beneficial relations in the region, which will become a factor in consolidating the views of the states of the region that arise at such meetings at the international level. This is important for the immediate economic and social development of Central Asia in the near future.

In short, a unity of views on Afghanistan at the consultative meeting of the heads of the Central Asian states held on the basis of mutual trust and friendship contributes to the formation of new preventive diplomacy in the region and the development of new trends and strategies in this matter.

Ensuring peace and prosperity in Afghanistan will strengthen cooperation between the countries of Central Asia and South Asia, and further expand the possibilities for the implementation of the Mazar-i-Sharif-Kabul-Peshawar Trans-Afghan railway project. The development of cooperation between the states of the two regions in the socio-economic, trade, economic, cultural and humanitarian spheres through the implementation of this project will contribute to ensuring the well-being of the peoples of the region.

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